UBC research determines technology and outdoor play can go hand-in-hand
It may seem counter-intuitive to many parents, but a UBC researcher says children are able to engage in nature and have fun outside, even with a mobile device in their hands.
Maxine Crawford, a PhD candidate in psychology at UBC’s Okanagan campus, says today’s parents seem to struggle with getting their technology-addicted children outside—without their devices. Indeed, Canadian children in grades six to 12 spend more than seven hours a day in front of some form of screen. But Crawford says all is not lost, and getting children to engage with nature is not impossible.
“Allowing children to use technology when in nature may seem counter-active when the goal is to increase their connection to the outdoors. But many children are already using technology in this way, whether we like it or not,” says Crawford. “Honestly, most children would rather be at home with technology than outside without it.”
So why fight a losing battle, she says. In her recently published study, with more than 740 children aged 9 to 14 from nine different schools, Crawford determined it is possible for children to enjoy and learn about nature while using an electronic device.
While technology is now an everyday part of environmental education, Crawford says there is little research examining the use of technology in non-formal environmental education—meaning the learning takes place outside of schools, it is not facilitated by a teacher, and children are generally freer to move around.
For her study, she had three groups of children with different tasks in different recreation areas. One group was to tour a park with an iPad using an app called Agents of Discovery. Another group toured with a trained park educator, the third group with a paper map. Both the iPad group and the park educator groups spent time identifying and discussing their natural surroundings.
After the tour, the children were asked questions to determine their connection to nature, whether they had fun, their attitude toward the park and if they retained any knowledge of the park’s flora, fauna or ecology. Data were collected for each of the three groups at each of the three park locations (i.e., 292 children at the wetlands park, 223 children at the grasslands park, and 207 children at the indoor tropical gardens).
“All three groups had a significant increase in their connection to nature from before to after the tour. This suggests that the mobile application did not distract the children by taking their attention away from their natural surroundings or impede their connection to nature,” Crawford says.
In fact, says Crawford, 76 per cent of the children, regardless of group assignment, indicated that they wanted to take better care of the park they had just visited. Their acknowledged commitment to environmental stewardship in conjunction with their significant connection to nature suggests that the students did emotionally connect to their local park.
There was, however, one prominent variance between the three groups.
“One significant difference was how much more fun the children had in the mobile application group,” Crawford adds. “This finding is important as enjoyment is crucial for repeat behaviour and fundamental to place-based education.”
Crawford’s research was recently published in Environment and Behavior and partially funded by Mitacs and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
About UBC's Okanagan campus
UBC’s Okanagan campus is an innovative hub for research and learning in the heart of British Columbia’s stunning Okanagan Valley. Ranked among the top 20 public universities in the world, UBC is home to bold thinking and discoveries that make a difference. Established in 2005, the Okanagan campus combines a globally recognized UBC education with a tight-knit and entrepreneurial community that welcomes students and faculty from around the world. For more visit ok.ubc.ca.